At the time of writing this article the whole city of Santiago has been downgraded to the 2nd phase of deconfinement called “Transición” (or “transition” from quarantine) as the infection rates are increasing in other countries and in Chile as well right before Christmas. Most of this information is already available in the government’s website of the Paso a Paso plan (literally Step by Step).
What are “phases” and what should I do if I’m a foreigner?
Phases of deconfinement aren’t unique to Chile and exist in order to gradually recover normal activity in cities while avoiding an increase in infections. These phases are settled by the government at the municipal level so a commune might be in phase 3 and the next one in phase 2 or 4.
- Cuarentena (Quarantine)
- Transición (Transition)
- Preparación (Preparation)
- Apertura inicial (Initial Opening)
- Apertura avanzada (Advanced Opening)
It forbids freedom of movement all day long and every day of the week. In order to perform activities outside home you need a permit which you can get in Comisaria Virtual. It also implies you can’t travel without a justification (also a permit “salvoconducto”). Only essential businesses (like pharmacies or supermarkets) and public services can stay open.
The second step involves the freedom to move during business days but on weekends and holidays you have to stay home. Also, restaurants and bars open with tables outdoors or in terraces. More stores and business in general can open (workers are allowed to commute if their commune is not in quarantine). You’re still not allowed to travel outside the region (however, if you’re a traveller coming from another country or in transit you have 24 hours to get to your final destination).
In this step the main difference is that there are no restrictions to movement anymore and you can travel to other regions too as long as they are not in Transición or Cuarentena.
Also, places like restaurants and cafés can open some tables inside (25% of their capacity)
4. Apertura Inicial
During this phase you can go to a theater and see a movie or a play as theaters and cinemas can open with half of their capacity and enforcing social distancing. Also, gyms can open (you can stay up to one hour inside).
Restaurants and cafes can use up to half their room capacity enforcing social distancing but pubs and clubs are still closed.
5: Apertura avanzada
In this phase pubs and clubs can open with a limit of 100 people inside. Restaurants and cafés can open up to a 75% room capacity.
Also, gyms can open in deferred times to allocate more people and stadiums can open as well for matches selling up to a 50% of their seats.
If you are not a resident in Chile and stay here you have to be aware of phases while you’re here. If you don’t comply not only you could risk a fine but also put in risk those around you (locals or fellow travellers). These measures will certainly impact your travel experience.
Keep in mind that all inter-regional travel requires a “pasaporte sanitario” which is an affidavit for travelling where you declare your health conditions as well as your point of origin and destination. This document can be obtained in the c19 website.